MCMC notifications

It is said that patience is a virtue but the truth is that no one likes waiting (especially waiting around: this interesting article explores why people prefer walking 8 minutes to the airport’s baggage claim and having the bags ready rather than waiting the same amount of time entirely in the claim area).

Anyone performing computationally heavy work, such as Monte Carlo methods, will know that these are usually computationally expensive algorithms which, even in modern hardware, can result in waiting times in the magnitude of hours, days and even weeks. These long running times coupled with the fact that in certain cases it is not easy to accurately predict how long a certain number of iterations will take, usually leads to a tiresome behaviour of constantly checking for good (or bad) news. Although it is perfectly possible to specify that your simulation should stop after a certain amount of time (especially valid for very long simulations), this doesn’t seem to be the standard practice.

In this post I’ll detail my current setup for being notified exactly of when simulations are finished. To implement this setup, the following stack is required:

  • A JDK
  • Apache Maven
  • A messaging service (Pushbullet will be used)
  • A smartphone, tablet, smartwatch (or any other internet enabled device)

To start, we can create an account in Pushbullet, which will involve, in the simplest case, signing up using some authentication service such as Google.

Next, we will install the client application (available for Android, iOS and most modern browsers) after which we can enable notifications (at least in the Android client, I’m not familiar with the iPhone version).

Since my current work started as a plain Java project which in time evolved mainly to Scala, it consists of an unholy mixture of Maven as a build tool for Scala code. This shouldn’t be a problem for other setups, but I’ll just go through my specific setup (i.e. using Maven dependencies to a Scala project).

To implement communication between the code and the messaging service, we can use a simple library such as jpushbullet.
The library works well enough, although at the time of writing it only supports Pushbullet’s v1 API but not the newer v2 API. Since the project, unfortunately, is not in Maven central, you should build it from scratch. Fortunately, in a sensibly configured machine, this is trivial.

In the machine where you plan to perform the simulations, clone and build jpushbullet.

  git clone
  mvn clean install

Once the build is complete, you can add it as a local dependency in your project’s pom.xml:


For the purpose of this example, lets assume that you have the following Object as the entry point of your simulation. The next step is to add a call to the Pushbullet service before the exit point. Please keep in mind that it is very bad practice to include your personal API key in your committed code. I strongly suggest you keep this information in a separate file (e.g. in resources), read it at runtime and add it to .gitignore. That being said, place the messaging code as such:

package benchmarks

import com.shakethat.jpushbullet.PushbulletClient

object MCMC {

  def main(args:Array[String]):Unit = {

    // Your MCMC code

    val client = new PushbulletClient(api_key)
    val devices = client.getDevices
    val title = "MCMC simulation finished"
    val body = "Some summary can be included"
    // n is the preferred device number
    client.sendNote(true, devices.getDevices.get(n).getIden(), title, body)


Usually, I would call this code via ssh into my main machine from Maven (using Scala Maven) as:

  nohup mvn scala:run -DmainClass=benchmarks.MCMC &

Finally, when the simulation is completed, you will be notified in the client devices (you can select which ones by issuing separate sendNote calls) and include a result summary, as an example.

My current setup generates an R script from a template which is run by Rscript in order to produce a PDF report. However, be careful, since file quotas in Pushbullet are limited, so text notifications should be used without worry of going over the free usage tier.

Keep in mind, that there are other alternatives to jpushbullet, such as send-notification, a general notification library for Java for which the setup is quite similar.

Hope this was helpful.